November 6, 2008

Refractories for Reheating Furnace

Reheating Furnaces are used for heating the intermediate products of steel like- ingots, blooms or billets at temperatures around 1000 - 12000C before rolling to give them different shapes of angles, channels, bars, slabs, rods & wires etc. The furnace is a chamber having inside refractory lining to conserve heat and generally includes a mechanism for transporting products continuously from one end to the other end. Heat for the furnace is provided by natural gas or fuel oil.

Reheating Furnace which is considered an accessory to the rolling mill is a critical factor in the quality of end-product. In view of saving energy, requirement of Refractories with low thermal conductivity are required particularly for Door, Heaters, Flue-stack and further, for Hearths these criteria are corrosion, abrasion & spalling resistances with good strength. For these purposes, dense low-iron, high-alumina or chrome-magnesia bricks are best suited for Hearth. The side-wall and roof are lined with high-grog alumino-silicate bricks. Precast / Prefired (PCPF) blocks can be used for Burner-block, Seating Well Block, Well Block as well as for Furnace Bottom, made of low-iron high-alumina dense refractories having excellent spalling & abrasion resistances. The advantage of using PCPF blocks is that they can save time for both installation & for drying/preheating inducing more availability of the furnace. In the event of choosing Precast / Prefired (PCPF) blocks one has to take care of the design of these blocks which should be such that one person can handle them. How to select Refractories area wise for Reheating Furnace lining?

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